Climbing Mount Everest: Which route?

Explore your options for climbing Mount Everest with our guide on the best routes, difficulty levels, and the safest path to the summit.

“It is not the mountain we conquer, but ourselves.” – Sir Edmund Hillary

Welcome to the ultimate guide to climbing Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world. If you have ever dreamed of conquering this majestic peak, you are about to embark on a thrilling adventure filled with challenges, breathtaking landscapes, and unparalleled accomplishments. But before you start planning your expedition, it’s essential to understand the various routes available and choose the one that best suits your skills and preferences.

In this article, we will explore the different routes to climb Mount Everest, from the popular ones that have been widely used by mountaineers to the lesser-known and more adventurous paths. We will delve into the difficulty levels, the safest routes, and the breathtaking summits that await climbers at the top. Get ready to experience the awe-inspiring beauty and the indomitable spirit required to conquer the roof of the world. Johnny climbed Mount Everest on 17th of May 2023 as part of his seven summit challenge (which he completed in January 2024) via the South Col Route.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mount Everest offers multiple routes for climbers, each with its own challenges and rewards.
  • Popular routes include the South Col Route and the Northeast Ridge.
  • Commercially guided routes provide safer options for climbers with limited experience.
  • There are non-standard and unexplored routes for more adventurous climbers.
  • Understanding the historical context of Everest routes aids in planning and decision-making.

The South Col Route of Everest

The South Col Route is one of the popular routes for climbing Mount Everest, offering a challenging and rewarding expedition. This route begins in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, and takes climbers through the breathtaking Khumbu Valley to reach Everest base camp. Along the way, climbers have the opportunity to acclimatize to the high altitudes and immerse themselves in the unique Sherpa culture.

From Everest base camp, the journey continues through the treacherous Khumbu Icefall, a constantly changing maze of seracs and crevasses. This section requires careful navigation and the use of ladders and fixed lines for safe passage. Once through the Khumbu Icefall, climbers enter the Western Cwm, a vast and relatively flat valley that leads to the base of the Lhotse Face.

The Lhotse Face is a steep and icy slope that poses a significant challenge for climbers. Ascending this section requires both physical strength and technical skill. As climbers make their way up the Lhotse Face, they face extreme conditions and must use fixed ropes to ensure safety.

The South Col is a saddle-shaped pass located at an elevation of 7,906 meters (25,938 feet). To reach this point, climbers need to overcome the challenges of the Lhotse Face. From the South Col, they continue their ascent to the South Summit, which serves as a landmark en route to the final push for the summit.

The Hillary Step, named after Sir Edmund Hillary, is a famous vertical rock step situated just below the summit. Climbers face a technical climb to surmount this obstacle before reaching the summit of Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.

The South Col Route typically includes three high-altitude camps at strategic locations along the route. These camps provide climbers with necessary rest and acclimatization periods, allowing their bodies to adjust to the extreme altitude and challenging conditions.

Embarking on the South Col Route is not only a physical feat but also an opportunity to witness the stunning beauty of the Khumbu Valley, experience the rich Sherpa culture, and navigate through the majestic Khumbu Icefall and the daunting Lhotse Face.

Trekking Highlights:

  • Passing through the scenic Khumbu Valley
  • Experiencing the unique Sherpa culture
  • Navigating the treacherous Khumbu Icefall with ladders and fixed lines
  • Ascending the challenging Lhotse Face
  • Reaching the iconic South Col and South Summit
  • Conquering the vertical Hillary Step
  • Reaching the summit of Mount Everest

Embarking on the South Col Route is an unforgettable adventure that pushes climbers to their limits and rewards them with awe-inspiring views and a sense of accomplishment like no other.

The Northeast Ridge Route of Everest

The Northeast Ridge Route is one of the primary routes for climbing Mount Everest, located on the north side of the mountain in Tibet. This route offers a unique and challenging experience for climbers, as they navigate through the breathtaking landscapes of Lhasa and the Tibetan Plateau.

Starting their journey in Lhasa, climbers drive across the Tibetan Plateau to reach the North Side Everest Base Camp, which serves as the starting point for the Northeast Ridge Route. From there, climbers proceed towards the Advanced Base Camp, which provides a strategic location for acclimatization and preparation for the ascent.

The Northeast Ridge Route includes three primitive high-altitude camps, namely Camp 2, Camp 3, and the North Col. These camps are strategically positioned to facilitate the gradual ascent towards the summit and provide essential resting points in the challenging terrain.

As climbers progress along this route, they encounter the stunning beauty of glaciers and navigate through expanses of scree and gravel. Fixed lines are utilized above the advanced base camp, ensuring safe and secure climbing throughout the journey.

“The Northeast Ridge Route offers a thrilling and adventurous approach to conquering the magnificent Mount Everest. It presents climbers with unique challenges and rewards, showcasing the awe-inspiring beauty of the Tibetan landscape.”

A Detailed Overview of the Northeast Ridge Route:

Base CampNorth Side Everest Base Camp
Intermediate CampAdvanced Base Camp
High-Altitude Camps
  • Camp 2
  • Camp 3
  • North Col

The Northeast Ridge Route is known for its challenging and demanding nature, requiring climbers to demonstrate superior physical endurance, technical skills, and adaptability to high-altitude conditions. It is a route that attracts experienced climbers seeking a new and exciting adventure on the world’s tallest peak.

With its stunning surroundings, primitive camps, and awe-inspiring glaciers, the Northeast Ridge Route promises an unforgettable journey for those brave enough to take on the challenge of climbing Mount Everest.

Exploring Other Routes on Everest

While the South Col Route and the Northeast Ridge Route are the most popular options for climbing Mount Everest, there are other non-standard routes that have been attempted. These routes provide alternative challenges and experiences for climbers seeking to push their limits on the world’s highest peak.

Kangshung Face

One of the lesser-known routes on Everest is the Kangshung Face. Located on the east side of the mountain, this route offers breathtaking views and technical terrain. Climbers tackling the Kangshung Face face steep slopes, icy couloirs, and exposed ridgelines. The route is known for its stunning pinnacles and requires advanced mountaineering skills.

East Face

The East Face of Everest presents a formidable challenge to climbers. This route demands exceptional technical climbing abilities as climbers encounter complex ice and rock formations. The East Face is considered one of the most difficult and dangerous routes on the mountain, attracting only the most skilled and experienced mountaineers.

Southwest Face

The Southwest Face route offers a different perspective of Everest, with climbers ascending from the western side of the mountain. This route combines rock climbing and ice climbing, requiring expertise in both disciplines. The Southwest Face presents steep slopes, exposed sections, and challenging weather conditions.

West Ridge

Another non-standard route on Everest is the West Ridge. This route involves ascending from the Nepalese side of the mountain, offering unique views and challenges. Climbers tackling the West Ridge must navigate technical rock climbing sections and traverse narrow ridges. This route demands a high level of skill and experience.

Russian Couloir

The Russian Couloir is a challenging and remote route on Everest’s North Face. This route features steep gullies and couloirs, requiring climbers to navigate through ice and snow. The Russian Couloir is known for its exposure to harsh weather conditions and limited fixed lines, attracting climbers seeking a true adventure.

Exploring these non-standard routes on Everest provides climbers with an opportunity to test their limits and experience the mountain from a different perspective. However, it’s crucial to note that these routes come with increased risks and require advanced mountaineering skills. Proper preparation, training, and partnering with experienced guides are essential to ensure a safe and successful climb.

The History of Everest Routes

Throughout history, mountaineers have been intrigued by the challenge of conquering Mount Everest. Over the years, they have tirelessly explored new routes, pushing the limits of human endurance and discovering uncharted territories. Let’s dive into the fascinating history of Everest routes, from the development of new trails to the allure of unclimbed paths.

Exploring New Trails

Mountaineers are always seeking to blaze new trails on Everest, driven by the spirit of adventure and the desire to conquer uncharted territories. One such route that has captivated climbers’ imaginations is the direct route up the East Face. This treacherous path, with its steep and perilous terrain, has remained unclimbed, serving as a tantalizing challenge for future expeditions.

Another intriguing route that has captured the imagination of climbers is the Fantasy Ridge. With its rugged beauty and untouched vistas, this unexplored route offers an opportunity to traverse uncharted territory and experience the thrill of pioneering a new path on the world’s highest peak.

The Danger of Avalanche-Prone Routes

As climbers seek to conquer new routes on Everest, they must navigate the inherent dangers posed by the mountain’s treacherous terrain. Many of these unexplored paths are avalanche-prone, making them even more perilous and demanding. The allure of the unknown comes hand in hand with the need for caution and meticulous planning to mitigate the risk of avalanches.

It is essential for climbers venturing into these avalanche-prone routes to have extensive knowledge of snow conditions, weather patterns, and avalanche forecasts. Proper training and preparedness are crucial to ensuring the safety of the climbers and minimizing the risk of a disaster.

Unclimbed Routes: The Final Frontiers

Despite decades of mountaineering history, there are still a few unclimbed routes on Everest that beckon adventurous souls. These routes represent the ultimate challenge for climbers, pushing the boundaries of human capability and resilience.

One such unclimbed route is the direct ascent up the East Face. This majestic yet formidable route poses a significant challenge due to its steepness and technical difficulties. Conquering this route would be a monumental achievement for any climber, marking a new chapter in the history of Everest exploration.

Another unclimbed route that continues to captivate the mountaineering community is the Fantasy Ridge. With its breathtaking beauty and rugged terrain, this unexplored path holds untapped potential for daring climbers seeking to leave their mark on Everest’s storied history.

Despite the allure of these unclimbed routes, it is crucial for climbers to approach them with utmost caution and respect for the mountain’s unforgiving nature. Safety should always be the top priority to ensure a successful and fulfilling expedition.

Direct route up East FaceAn untouched and unclimbed path on Everest’s East Face, known for its steep and treacherous terrain.
Fantasy RidgeAn unexplored route offering rugged beauty and unparalleled vistas, tempting the adventurous spirits of climbers.
Avalanche-Prone RoutesRoutes that pose a high risk of avalanches due to their topography, demanding careful planning and expert knowledge to navigate safely.
Unclimbed RoutesThe final frontiers of Everest, uncharted paths that challenge climbers to push their limits and leave their mark on mountaineering history.

Commercially Guided Routes on Everest

For climbers seeking a safe and accessible option, commercially guided routes on Mount Everest provide a reliable choice. These routes, including the Northeast Ridge and Southeast Ridge, are considered the standard and most popular routes for commercial expeditions. With lower risks and experienced guides to support climbers, these routes offer an optimal balance of safety and adventure.

Commercially guided routes are particularly well-suited for climbers with limited experience or those looking for a guided expedition that handles logistics and provides necessary equipment and support. These routes are carefully planned and led by seasoned guides who have extensive knowledge of the mountain and its challenges.

On the Northeast Ridge route, climbers begin their journey from the North Side Everest Base Camp in Tibet. This route offers stunning views and takes climbers through varied terrain, including glaciers, snowfields, and rocky sections. Along the way, climbers will establish camps at strategic points to acclimatize to the extreme altitude.

The Southeast Ridge route, on the other hand, starts from Everest Base Camp on the South Col side in Nepal. Climbers will traverse the famous Khumbu Icefall, negotiate the Western Cwm, and ascend the imposing Lhotse Face. This route provides climbers with a unique experience and a chance to immerse themselves in the vibrant Sherpa culture of the Khumbu Valley.

Benefits of Commercially Guided Routes:

  • Lower risks: Commercially guided routes have well-established protocols and safety measures to mitigate potential risks.
  • Experienced guides: Climbers benefit from the expertise and guidance of experienced mountaineers who have extensive knowledge of the routes and the mountain.
  • Logistical support: Commercial expeditions handle logistics, including permits, accommodation, meals, and transportation, allowing climbers to focus on their ascent.
  • Group dynamics: Joining a guided expedition provides the opportunity to connect with fellow climbers and share the journey, creating a supportive and encouraging environment.
  • Standardized itinerary: Commercial routes follow proven itineraries that include well-defined acclimatization schedules, maximizing climbers’ chances of reaching the summit.

Choosing a commercially guided route on Everest ensures a well-supported and structured climb, increasing the chances of a successful and memorable journey. As with any mountain expedition, climbers should thoroughly prepare physically and mentally, follow the guidance of their experienced guides, and prioritize safety every step of the way.

RouteStart PointFeatures
Northeast RidgeTibetGlaciers, snowfields, camps, stunning views
Southeast RidgeNepalKhumbu Icefall, Western Cwm, Lhotse Face, Sherpa culture
Commercially Guided Routes

Statistics on Everest Routes

When it comes to climbing Mount Everest, the Southeast Ridge and Northeast Ridge routes are the most popular choices among climbers, according to the Himalayan Database. These well-established routes have seen a large percentage of successful summits over the years.

However, there is a brave minority who choose to take on the challenge of non-standard routes. These alternative routes, such as those on the Kangshung Face, East Face, Southwest Face, and West Ridge, offer a different set of obstacles and risks for climbers seeking a unique experience.

It’s worth noting that while the majority of climbers reaching the summit do so with the aid of supplemental oxygen, a small number of remarkable individuals have accomplished this feat without it. These accomplishments highlight the exceptional physical and mental strength required for such endeavors.

“Climbing Everest is a powerful testament to human perseverance and inner strength.” – Reinhold Messner

Unfortunately, climbing non-standard routes on Everest comes with a significant level of danger. A notable number of deaths have occurred on these routes due to their inherent challenges and the limited historical data available to climbers.

RoutePercentage of Climbers
Southeast Ridge60%
Northeast Ridge35%
Non-standard routes5%

While the Southeast Ridge and Northeast Ridge remain the preferred routes for climbers, each with its own unique challenges, it’s crucial to remember the risks associated with exploring non-standard routes. Choosing the right route requires careful consideration and preparation, ensuring the safety and success of every mountaineer who sets foot on Everest.

2024 Season Expectations

The 2024 climbing season on Everest is set to be a busy year for mountaineers from around the world. With a record number of climbers attempting to reach the summit, it promises to be an exciting and challenging season.

One notable change for the 2024 season is that foreigners will have access to the north side of the mountain. This new opportunity is expected to draw a significant number of climbers, as the north side offers unique challenges and breathtaking views.

However, along with the increased demand and popularity, there will also be price increases for permits. Climbing Everest has always been an expensive endeavor, but the cost will be even higher in 2024. This means that climbers will need to budget accordingly and be prepared for the financial commitment.

Despite the price increases and the expected influx of climbers, the 2024 season is anticipated to be a record-breaking year in terms of the number of summits. With improved equipment, training, and knowledge of the mountain, climbers are pushing the boundaries and achieving new heights.

As the 2024 season approaches, climbers and expedition organizers are busy preparing for the challenges that lie ahead. With proper planning, training, and a dose of determination, climbers have the opportunity to make their mark on Everest and fulfill their mountaineering dreams.

Everest 2024 Season

Notable Quotes:

“The 2024 climbing season on Everest is expected to be one of the busiest yet, with a surge in climbers aiming for the summit.” – Mountaineering magazine.

“The opening of the north side to foreigners in 2024 has piqued the interest of climbers and added a new element of excitement to the season.” – Expedition leader.


  • The 2024 climbing season on Everest is expected to be a busy year, with a record number of climbers attempting to reach the summit.
  • Foreigners will have access to the north side of the mountain, attracting a significant number of climbers.
  • Price increases for permits will be implemented in 2024, requiring climbers to budget accordingly.
  • Despite the price increases, the 2024 season is anticipated to yield a record number of summits.

As the mountaineering community looks forward to the 2024 season, anticipation and excitement fill the air. With its challenges and rewards, Mount Everest continues to fascinate climbers from around the world, pushing them to conquer new heights and achieve their dreams.

Notable Routes and Attempts

Throughout the history of Everest climbing, several notable routes and attempts have captured the attention of the climbing community. These routes offer unique challenges and experiences, pushing climbers to their limits. Here are some of the remarkable routes that have become legendary:

Icefall Bypass

The Icefall Bypass is an alternative route that avoids the treacherous Khumbu Icefall, a hazardous section with unstable ice formations. This route requires skilled navigation through dangerous terrain, making it a daring choice for climbers seeking a different challenge.

East Face-S Col

The East Face-S Col route is an arduous and technical ascent that starts from the Tibetan side of Everest. It involves navigating steep slopes, traversing icy couloirs, and scaling challenging rock faces. Climbers attempting this route require exceptional mountaineering skills and a high level of fitness.

American West Ridge

The American West Ridge route, also known as the West Ridge Direct, is characterized by its exposed and challenging terrain. It requires climbers to traverse narrow ridges, negotiate steep cliffs, and overcome technical sections. This route demands a combination of strength, agility, and mental fortitude.

South Pillar

The South Pillar route, also referred to as the Bonington route, offers a mix of technical climbing and breathtaking views. It involves ascending steep rock faces, navigating ice gullies, and traversing exposed ridges. Climbers attempting this route must possess a diverse skill set and the ability to adapt to changing conditions.

Russian Buttress

The Russian Buttress route is known for its remote and challenging nature. Located on the rarely climbed North Face of Everest, this route tests climbers with steep ice walls, mixed rock and ice sections, and unpredictable weather. It requires a high level of technical expertise and self-sufficiency.

RouteDifficultyNotable Features
Icefall BypassExtremeAvoids Khumbu Icefall hazards
East Face-S ColAdvancedTechnical sections, icy couloirs
American West RidgeChallengingNarrow ridges, steep cliffs
South PillarDemandingSteep rock faces, exposed ridges
Russian ButtressExtremeRemote, steep ice walls, mixed sections

Analysis of Everest Routes

When it comes to analyzing the various Everest routes, there are several factors to consider. The naming conventions and geological features associated with each route make the analysis complex yet intriguing. However, through careful examination, we can identify certain patterns and trends.

Geological Features

The geological features play a significant role in determining the difficulty and feasibility of each route. The Khumbu Icefall, for example, is a treacherous section on the South Col Route that requires climbers to navigate through a labyrinth of towering ice formations. On the Northeast Ridge, mountaineers encounter the challenges of ascending the North Col and traversing the rocky slopes of the North Face.

National Team Routes

National teams often have their preferred routes for Everest expeditions. These routes are carefully selected based on a combination of factors such as historical success, team expertise, and logistical considerations. For example, the Southeast Ridge is favored by many national teams due to its established infrastructure and relatively lower risks compared to other routes.

Popular Commercial Routes

Commercial operators offer guided expeditions on Everest, and certain routes have become popular choices among climbers seeking a well-supported and safer journey. The South Col Route and the Northeast Ridge are particularly favored by commercial expeditions due to their accessibility and established campsites. These routes provide climbers with the necessary infrastructure and support to increase their chances of reaching the summit.

Here is a comparison of geological features, national team routes, and popular commercial routes:

Geological FeaturesNational Team RoutesPopular Commercial Routes
Khumbu IcefallSoutheast RidgeSouth Col Route
North ColNortheast RidgeNortheast Ridge
Rocky slopes of the North Face  

Understanding the analysis of Everest routes provides valuable insights for climbers and expedition planners. By considering the geological features, national team routes, and popular commercial routes, climbers can make informed decisions about their chosen path and ensure they have the necessary resources and support to reach the summit safely.

Future Possibilities on Everest

With the rich history of exploration and climbing on Mount Everest, one might assume that every inch of the majestic peak has been conquered. However, the allure of Everest continues to draw a new generation of climbers who are eager to blaze new trails and explore uncharted routes.

While many of the established routes have been thoroughly explored and tackled by experienced mountaineers, there are still unexplored routes awaiting the bold and adventurous. These uncharted paths offer exciting possibilities for future expeditions and the opportunity to leave a lasting mark on the history of Everest.

It’s important, however, to consider the safety considerations associated with attempting these unexplored routes. The rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions, and technical challenges pose significant risks that must be carefully evaluated. Climbers must prioritize safety and be well-prepared both physically and mentally before embarking on these daring adventures.

As the next generation of climbers pushes the boundaries of mountaineering, it is crucial to approach these unexplored routes with respect, caution, and meticulous planning. By doing so, they can continue the legacy of exploration on Everest while ensuring their safety and the preservation of this awe-inspiring natural wonder.

To illustrate the potential for new trails and unexplored routes, here is a table showcasing some of the existing routes on Everest and their status:

South Col RouteWell-established and popular
Northeast Ridge RouteWell-established and popular
Kangshung FaceChallenging and rarely attempted
East FaceUnexplored potential
Southwest FaceUnexplored potential

These existing routes provide a glimpse into the untapped opportunities that await the daring climbers of the future. It is through their explorations and discoveries that the legacy of Everest will continue to evolve, inspiring generations to come.

Everest Faces

Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is made up of three main faces: the North Face, the East Face, and the Southwest Face. Each face presents its own unique set of characteristics and challenges for climbers.

The North Face

The North Face of Everest is known for its extreme weather conditions and technical difficulties. It is home to routes such as the Russian Couloir, which require climbers to navigate steep snow and ice slopes. The North Face is considered one of the most challenging and dangerous routes on Everest.

The East Face

The East Face of Everest features routes such as the Southwest Pillar, which offers a combination of rock and ice climbing. Climbers tackling the East Face must navigate steep terrain and face challenging weather conditions. This face of Everest provides a unique and demanding climbing experience.

The Southwest Face

The Southwest Face of Everest is renowned for its routes, including the South Col. Climbers taking on the Southwest Face must overcome the Lhotse Face, a steep ice slope, and ascend the South Col to reach the summit. This face of Everest offers a mix of technical challenges and high-altitude climbing.

In conclusion, Mount Everest’s three main faces—the North Face, East Face, and Southwest Face—each pose their own set of unique challenges and demands for climbers. Whether it’s the extreme weather and technical difficulties of the North Face, the mix of rock and ice climbing on the East Face, or the high-altitude challenges of the Southwest Face, conquering Everest requires careful planning, skill, and determination.

Historical Context of Everest Routes

Understanding the historical context of Everest routes provides valuable insights into the evolution of climbing on the mountain. Over the years, climbers have set new summit records, faced tragic deaths, and witnessed changes in climbing trends. Examining these factors helps us understand the challenges and risks associated with climbing Everest.

Summit Records

Throughout history, climbers on Everest have pushed the boundaries of what is physically and mentally possible. From the first successful summit by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 to the modern era, climbers have continuously aimed to set new records. This pursuit of reaching the highest point on Earth has fueled the spirit of human exploration and adventure.

Tragic Deaths

While the conquest of Everest symbolizes human triumph, it is also a place of great danger. Tragic deaths have occurred on the mountain, reminding us of the risks involved in climbing such extreme heights. The treacherous conditions, unpredictable weather, and physical demands make Everest a formidable challenge. These unfortunate incidents serve as a sobering reminder of the sacrifices made in pursuit of the summit.

“Climbing Everest is not a game – it is a matter of life and death. The mountain always has the final say.”

Climbing Trends

Over the decades, climbing trends on Everest have shifted as mountaineering techniques and equipment have advanced. From the early days of expeditions with limited resources to the present-day commercial guided expeditions, the way climbers approach Everest has evolved. Mountaineering organizations and climbers now have a better understanding of the risks and challenges associated with various routes.

Mount Everest Summit Records

RecordRecord HolderDate
First SummitSir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing NorgayMay 29, 1953
Fastest AscentPemba Dorjie SherpaMay 21, 2004
Oldest SummiteerYuichiro MiuraMay 23, 2013
Youngest SummiteerJordan RomeroMay 22, 2010

By examining the historical context of Everest routes, we gain a deeper appreciation for the accomplishments, challenges, and risks faced by climbers. As we move forward, it is crucial to learn from the past to ensure the safety and success of future expeditions on this majestic and formidable mountain.

Conclusion and Recommendations

Climbing Mount Everest is an extraordinary adventure that demands meticulous planning and preparation. To ensure your safety and receive the necessary support, joining a guided expedition led by experienced operators is highly recommended. These professionals have in-depth knowledge of the mountain and can provide valuable guidance throughout the journey.

Preparing physically and mentally for the challenges of climbing at high altitudes is crucial. Engaging in a rigorous physical training regimen that includes cardiovascular exercises, strength training, and endurance activities will help build the necessary stamina. Mental preparedness, such as developing a positive mindset and resilience, is equally important to overcome the mental and emotional hurdles of the climb.

Furthermore, it is essential to pay attention to climbing safety protocols. Familiarize yourself with the latest safety guidelines and ensure you have the appropriate climbing gear and equipment. Regularly check the weather conditions and be prepared for sudden changes. Always be mindful of your physical limits and do not push beyond what is advisable.

Remember, climbing Mount Everest is an incredible achievement, but it requires careful planning and adherence to safety measures. By following these recommendations and seeking professional guidance, you can enhance your chances of a successful and memorable climb to the top of the world.

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